Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Open Access Publications of the Center for Hellenic Studies

[First posted in AWOL 10 January, 2011. Most recently updated 17 October 2017]

Center for Hellenic Studies Online Publications

Before you get started, we recommend that you review our Introduction to Online Publications.
The CHS website has other research publications not listed here:
  • Classics@ Online Journal features dynamic issues, each dedicated to a particular topic, often with guest editors, which provide an in-depth exploration of salient issues in the field of Classics.
  • Classical Inquiries (CI)⬀ is a rapid-publication project devoted to the frequent sharing of insights into the ancient world with researchers and the general public alike.
  • The CHS Research Bulletin⬀ is an e-journal dedicated to sharing the work of current fellows at the CHS. The Bulletin contains the fellows’ symposium papers and videos of their presentations.
Citation information for books printed by the Center for Hellenic Studies in the Hellenic Studies Series can be found here. For citation information for other books click here; for essays click here; and for short writings by Director Gregory Nagy click here

Books or Monographs:

Acosta-Hughes, Benjamin, Elizabeth Kosmetatou, and Manuel Baumbach, eds. Labored in Papyrus Leaves: Perspectives on an Epigram Collection Attributed to Posidippus (P.Mil.Vogl. VIII 309).
Aitken, Ellen Bradshaw. ὁπάων and ὁπάζω: A Study in the Epic Treatment of Heroic Relationships.
Alexiou, Margaret, The Ritual Lament in Greek Tradition.
Bakker, Egbert J., Pointing at the Past: From Formula to Performance in Homeric Poetics.
Bazzaz, Sahar, Yota Batsaki, and Dimiter Angelov, eds., Imperial Geographies in Byzantine and Ottoman Space.
Beck, Deborah, Homeric Conversation.
Benveniste, Emile, Indo-European Language and Society.
Bergren, Ann, Weaving Truth: Essays on Language and the Female in Greek Thought.
Berry, Steven M., Vico's Prescient Evolutionary Model for Homer.
Bers, Victor, GENOS DIKANIKON: Amateur and Professional Speech in the Courtrooms of Classical Athens
Bers, Victor, et al., eds., Donum natalicium digitaliter confectum Gregorio Nagy septuagenario a discipulis collegis familiaribus oblatum
Bierl, Anton, Ritual and Performativity: The Chorus in Old Comedy.
Bird, Graeme D., Multitextuality in the Homeric Iliad: The Witness of the Ptolemaic Papyri
Bocchetti, Carla, El espejo de las Musas: El arte de la descripción en la Ilíada y Odisea.
Bollack, Jean, The Art of Reading: From Homer to Paul Celan.
Bonifazi, Anna, Homer's Versicolored Fabric: The Evocative Power of Ancient Greek Epic Word-Making.
Bonifazi, Anna, Annemieke Drummen, Mark de Kreij, Particles in Ancient Greek Discourse: Five Volumes Exploring Particle Use Across Genres.
Calame, Claude, Choruses of Young Women in Ancient Greece.
Calame, Claude, Poetic and Performative Memory in Ancient Greece: Heroic Reference and Ritual Gestures in Time and Space.
Cameron, Averil, Dialoguing in Late Antiquity
Capra, Andrea, Plato's Four Muses: The Phaedrus and the Poetics of Philosophy.
Compton, Todd M., Victim of the Muses: Poet as Scapegoat, Warrior and Hero in Greco-Roman and Indo-European Myth and History.
Davies, Malcolm, The Theban Epics
Davies, Malcolm, The Aethiopis: Neo-Neoanalysis Reanalyzed.
Detienne, Marcel, Comparative Anthropology of Ancient Greece.
Dué, Casey, The Captive Woman's Lament in Greek Tragedy.
Dué, Casey, Homeric Variations on a Lament by Briseis.
Dué, Casey, Recapturing a Homeric Legacy: Images and Insights from the Venetus A Manuscript of the Iliad (3.5 MB PDF download). 
Dué, Casey, and Ebbott, Mary, Iliad 10 and the Poetics of Ambush.
Ebbott, Mary, Imagining Illegitimacy in Classical Greek Literature.
Edmunds, Susan, Homeric Nēpios.
Fisher, Elizabeth A., Michael Psellos. On Symeon the Metaphrast and On the Miracle at Blachernae: Annotated Translations with Introductions.
Frame, Douglas, Hippota Nestor.
Frame, Douglas, The Myth of Return in Early Greek Epic.
Franklin, John Curtis, Kinyras: The Divine Lyre
Funke, Peter, and Nino Luraghi, eds. The Politics of Ethnicity and the Crisis of the Peloponnesian League.
Garcia, Lorenzo F., Jr., Homeric Durability: Telling Time in the Iliad.
Giesecke, Annette, The Epic City: Urbanism, Utopia, and the Garden in Ancient Greece and Rome.
González, José M., The Epic Rhapsode and His Craft: Homeric Performance in a Diachronic Perspective.
Greene, Ellen, and Marilyn B. Skinner, eds. The New Sappho on Old Age: Textual and Philosophical Issues.
Hitch, Sarah, King of Sacrifice: Ritual and Royal Authority in the Iliad.
Hollmann, Alexander, The Master of Signs: Signs and the Interpretation of Signs in Herodotus' Histories.
Jacob, Christian, The Web of Athenaeus.
Jeffré, Friedrich Bernhard, Der Begriff τέχνη bei Plato.
Johnson, Aaron, and Jeremy Schott, eds., Eusebius of Caesarea: Tradition and Innovations.
Johnson, Scott Fitzgerald, editor, Greek Literature in Late Antiquity: Dynamism, Didacticism, Classicism.
Johnson, Scott Fitzgerald, The Life and Miracles of Thekla: A Literary Study.
Jones, Prudence J., Africa: Greek and Roman Perspectives from Homer to Apuleius.
Kalvesmaki, Joel, The Theology of Arithmetic: Number Symbolism in Platonism and Early Christianity.
Lesher, James, Debra Nails, and Frisbee Sheffield, editors, Plato's Symposium: Issues in Interpretation and Reception.
Levaniouk, Olga, Eve of the Festival: Making Myth in Odyssey 19.
Lord, Albert Bates, Epic Singers and Oral Tradition.
Lord, Albert Bates, The Singer of Tales.
Lord, Albert Bates, The Singer Resumes the Tale.
Luraghi, Nino and Susan E. Alcock, eds., Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures.
Marks, J., Zeus in the Odyssey.
Martin, Richard P. The Language of Heroes: Speech and Performance in the Iliad.
Munson, Rosario Vignolo, Black Doves Speak: Herodotus and the Languages of Barbarians.
Muellner, Leonard Charles, The Anger of Achilles: Mênis in Greek Epic.
Muellner, Leonard Charles, The meaning of Homeric εὔχομαι through its formulas.
Nagy, Gregory, The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours.
Nagy, Gregory, The Best of the Achaeans: Concepts of the Hero in Archaic Greek Poetry.
Nagy, Gregory, Comparative Studies in Greek and Indic Meter.
Nagy, Gregory, Greek: An Updating of a Survey of Recent Work.
Nagy, Gregory, Greek Mythology and Poetics.
Nagy, Gregory, Homer the Classic.
Nagy, Gregory, Homer the Preclassic.
Nagy, Gregory, Homeric Questions.
Nagy, Gregory, Homeric Responses.
Nagy, Gregory, Homer's Text and Language.
Nagy, Gregory, Masterpieces of Metonymy: From Ancient Greek Times to Now.
Nagy, Gregory, Pindar's Homer: The Lyric Possession of an Epic Past.
Nagy, Gregory, Plato's Rhapsody and Homer's Music: The Poetics of the Panathenaic Festival in Classical Athens.
Nagy, Gregory, Poetry as Performance: Homer and Beyond.
Nagy, Gregory, Short Writings, Volume 1.
Nagy, Gregory, Short Writings, Volume 2.
Nagy, Gregory, Short Writings, Volume 3.
Nagy, Gregory, Short Writings, Volume 4.
Olson, Ryan S., Tragedy, Authority, and Trickery: The Poetics of Embedded Letters in Josephus.
Papadogiannakis, Yannis. Christianity and Hellenism in the Fifth-Century Greek East: Theodoret's Apologetics against the Greeks in Context.
Papadopoulou, Ioanna, and Leonard Muellner, eds., Poetry as Initiation: The Center for Hellenic Studies Symposium on the Derveni Papyrus.
Parmegianni, Giovanni, editor, Between Thucydides and Polybius: The Golden Age of Greek Historiography.
Parry, Milman, L'Épithète Traditionnelle dans Homère : Essai sur un problème de style Homérique.
Parry, Milman, Les formules et la métrique d'Homère.
Pathak, Shubha, Divine Yet Human Epics: Reflections of Poetic Rulers from Ancient Greece and India.
Pepper, Timothy, editor, A Californian Hymn to Homer.
Peradotto, John, Man in the Middle Voice: Name and Narration in the Odyssey (3.7 MB PDF download).
Petropoulos, J. C. B., Heat and Lust: Hesiod’s Midsummer Festival Scene Revisited.
Petropoulos, J.C.B., Kleos in a Minor Key: The Homeric Education of a Little Prince.
Platte, Ryan, Equine Poetics.
Power, Timothy, The Culture of Kitharôidia.
Roilos, Panagiotis, Amphoteroglossia: A Poetics of the Twelfth-Century Medieval Greek Novel.
Roth, Catharine P., "Mixed Aorists" in Homeric Greek.
Rouvelas, Marilyn, A Guide to Greek Traditions and Customs in America (32.2MB PDF download).
Sandridge, Norman B., Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored: The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon's Education of Cyrus.
Scholtz, Andrew, Concordia discors: Eros and Dialogue in Classical Athenian Literature.
Schur, David, Plato's Wayward Path: Literary Form and the Republic.
Schwartz, Daniel L., Paideia and Cult: Christian Initiation in Theodore of Mopsuestia.
Shayegan, M. Rahim, Aspects of History and Epic in Ancient Iran: From Gaumāta to Wahnām.
Slatkin, Laura, The Power of Thetis and Selected Essays.
Tell, Håkan, Plato's Counterfeit Sophists.
Tsagalis, Christos, From Listeners to Viewers: Space in the Iliad.
Tsagalis, Christos, The Oral Palimpsest: Exploring Intertextuality in the Homeric Epics
Tzifopoulos, Yannis, 'Paradise' Earned: The Bacchic-Orphic Gold Lamellae of Crete.
Walker, Cheryl, Hostages in Republican Rome.
Walsh, Thomas R., Fighting Words and Feuding Words: Anger and the Homeric Poems.
Wareh, Tarik. The Theory and Practice of Life: Isocrates and the Philosophers.
Wells, James Bradley, Pindar's Verbal Art: An Ethnographic Study of Epinician Style.
Wesselmann, Katharina, Mythical Structures in Herodotus' Histories.
West, William Custis, III, Greek Public Monuments of the Persian Wars.
Winkler, Daniela, Ankle and Ankle Epithets in Archaic Greek Verse.
Yatromanolakis, Dimitrios, Sappho in the Making: The Early Reception.

Articles, Essays, and Lectures

Bierl, Anton, "Der neue Sappho-Papyrus aus Köln und Sapphos Erneuerung. Virtuelle Choralität, Eros, Tod, Orpheus und Musik." 
Bierl, Anton, "'Ich aber (sage), das Schönste ist, was einer Liebt': Eine pragmatische Deutung von Sappho Fr. 16 LP/V."
Bierl, Anton, "Space in Xenophon of Ephesus: Love, Dreams, and Dissemination."
Bultrighini, Ilaria, "Gli horoi rupestri dell’attica."
Connor, W. Robert, "Great Expectations: The Expected and the Unexpected in Thucydides and in Liberal Education."
Connor, W. Robert, "The Pygmies in the Cage: The Function of the Sublime in Longinus."
Connor, W. Robert, "We Must Call the Classics before a Court of Shipwrecked Men."
Dué, Casey, "Maneuvers in the Dark of Night: Iliad 10 in the Twenty-First Century."
Edmonds, Radcliffe G. III, "Recycling Laertes' Shroud: More on Orphism and Original Sin."
Ferrari, Gloria, "Anthropological Approaches."
Frame, Douglas, "Achilles and Patroclus as Indo-European Twins: Homer’s Take."
Frank M. Snowden Jr., Lectures at Howard University:
Hitch, Sarah, "Hero Cult in Apollonius Rhodius."
Marwede, David, "A Structural Analysis of the Meleagros Myth."
Muellner, Leonard, "The Simile of the Cranes and Pygmies: A Study of Homeric Metaphor."
Nagy, Gregory, "Achilles and Patroklos as Models for the Twinning of Identity."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Aeolic Component in Homeric Diction."
Nagy, Gregory, "Alcaeus in Sacred Space." 
Nagy, Gregory, "Ancient Greek Elegy."
Nagy, Gregory, "An Apobatic Moment for Achilles as Athlete at the Festival of the Panathenaia."
Nagy, Gregory, "Asopos and his Multiple Daughters: Traces of Preclassical Epic in the Aeginetan Odes of Pindar."
Nagy, Gregory, "Comments on Plutarch's Essay On Isis and Osiris."
Nagy, Gregory, "Convergences and divergences between god and hero in the Mnesiepes Inscription of Paros."
Nagy, Gregory, "Copies and Models in Horace Odes 4.1 and 4.2."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Delian Maidens and their Relevance to Choral Mimesis in Classical Drama."
Nagy, Gregory, "Diachronic Homer and a Cretan Odyssey."
Nagy, Gregory, "Diachrony and the case of Aesop."
Nagy, Gregory, "On Dialectal Anomalies in Pylian Texts."
Nagy, Gregory, "Did Sappho and Alcaeus Ever Meet?"
Nagy, Gregory, "'Dream of a Shade': Refractions of Epic Vision in Pindar’s Pythian 8 and Aeschylus’ Seven against Thebes."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Earliest Phases in the Reception of the Homeric Hymns."
Nagy, Gregory, "Epic."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Epic Hero."
Nagy, Gregory, "The fire ritual of the Iguvine Tables: Facing a central problem in the study of ritual language."
Nagy, Gregory, Foreword to Born of the Earth: Myth and Politics in Athens, by Nicole Loraux. Trans. Selina Stewart. Cornell University Press, 2000.
Nagy, Gregory, Foreword to Mothers in Mourning, by Nicole Loraux. Trans. Corinne Pache. Cornell University Press, 1998.
Nagy, Gregory, "The Fragmentary Muse and the Poetics of Refraction in Sappho, Sophocles, Offenbach."
Nagy, Gregory, "Genre and Occasion."
Nagy, Gregory, “Genre, Occasion, and Choral Mimesis Revisited—with special reference to the ‘newest Sappho’.”
Nagy, Gregory, "Herodotus and the Logioi of the Persians."
Nagy, Gregory, "Hesiod and the Ancient Biographical Traditions."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Homer Multitext Project."
Nagy, Gregory, "Homer and Greek Myth."
Nagy, Gregory, "Homer as Model for The Ancient Library: Metaphors of Corpus and Cosmos."
Nagy, Gregory, "Homeric Echoes in Posidippus."
Nagy, Gregory, "Homeric Poetry and Problems of Multiformity: The 'Panathenaic Bottleneck'."
Nagy, Gregory, "Homo ludens in the world of ancient Greek verbal art."
Nagy, Gregory, "Hymnic Elements in Empedocles."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Idea of the Library as a Classical Model for European Culture."
Nagy, Gregory,  Greek Literature: Introductions and Suggested Bibliographies
Nagy, Gregory, "The Library of Pergamon as a Classical Model." 
Nagy, Gregory, "Language and Meter."
Nagy, Gregory, "Lyric and Greek Myth."
Nagy, Gregory, "The meaning of homoios (ὁμοῖος) in verse 27 of the Hesiodic Theogony and elsewhere."
Nagy, Gregory, "The 'New Sappho' Reconsidered in the Light of the Athenian Reception of Sappho."
Nagy, Gregory, "Observations on Greek dialects in the late second millennium BCE."
Nagy, Gregory, "Orality and Literacy."
Nagy, Gregory, "Performance and Text in Ancient Greece."
Nagy, Gregory, "Poetics of Repetition in Homer."
Nagy, Gregory, "A poetics of sisterly affect in the Brothers Song and in other songs of Sappho."
Nagy, Gregory, "Reading Bakhtin Reading the Classics: An Epic Fate for Conveyors of the Heroic Past."
Nagy, Gregory, "Reading Greek Poetry Aloud: Evidence from the Bacchylides Papyri."
Nagy, Gregory, "Review (part I) of M. L. West's Indo-European Poetry and Myth (Oxford 2007)."
Nagy, Gregory, "Review (part II) of M. L. West, Indo-European Poetry and Myth (Oxford 2007)."
Nagy, Gregory, "Review of Writing Homer. A study based on results from modern fieldwork, by Minna Skafte Jensen."
Nagy, Gregory, "A Sampling of Comments on the Iliad and Odyssey."
Nagy, Gregory, "A second look at a possible Mycenaean reflex in Homer: phorēnai."
Nagy, Gregory, "A Second Look at the Poetics of Re-enactment in Ode 13 of Bacchylides." 
Nagy, Gregory, "The Sign of the Hero: A Prologue to the Heroikos of Philostratus."
Nagy, Gregory, "Signs of Hero Cult in Homeric Poetry."
Nagy, Gregory, "The Subjectivity of Fear as Reflected in Ancient Greek Wording."
Nagy, Gregory, "Theognis and Megara: A Poet's Vision of his City."
Nagy, Gregory, "Things said and not said in a ritual text: Iguvine Tables Ib 10-16 / VIb 48-53."
Nagy, Gregory, "Transformations of Choral Lyric Traditions in the Context of Athenian State Theater."
Nagy, Gregory, "Transmission of Archaic Greek Sympotic Songs: From Lesbos to Alexandria."
Nagy, Gregory, "Virgil’s verse invitus, regina … and its poetic antecedents."
Parry, Milman, "Studies in the Epic Technique of Oral Verse-Making: I. Homer and Homeric Style."
Parry, Milman, "Studies in the Epic Technique of Oral Verse-Making: II. The Homeric Language as the Language of an Oral Poetry."
Rousseau, Philippe, "The Plot of Zeus."
Woodard, Roger D., "Dialectal Differences at Knossos."

Primary Texts

Aeschylus, Agamemnon
Aeschylus, Eumenides
Aeschylus, Libation Bearers
Alcman, Partheneion
The Derveni Papyrus
The Epic Cycle
Euripides, Bacchae
Euripides, Hippolytus
Euripides, Medea
Herodotus, Selections, Part I and Part II

Hesiod, Theogony

Hesiod, Works and Days
Homeric Iliad
Homeric Odyssey
Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite
Homeric Hymn to Demeter
Pausanias, Description of Greece: A Pausanias Reader in Progress
Philostratus, On Heroes
Pindar, Pythian 8
Plato, The Apology of Socrates
Plato, Phaedo
Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus
Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannos
Theognis of Megara

Volcanic suppression of Nile summer flooding triggers revolt and constrains interstate conflict in ancient Egypt

Volcanic suppression of Nile summer flooding triggers revolt and constrains interstate conflict in ancient Egypt
Nature Communications 8, Article number: 900 (2017)
Received: 10 November 2016
Accepted: 08 August 2017
Published online: 17 October 2017 


Volcanic eruptions provide tests of human and natural system sensitivity to abrupt shocks because their repeated occurrence allows the identification of systematic relationships in the presence of random variability. Here we show a suppression of Nile summer flooding via the radiative and dynamical impacts of explosive volcanism on the African monsoon, using climate model output, ice-core-based volcanic forcing data, Nilometer measurements, and ancient Egyptian writings. We then examine the response of Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE), one of the best-documented ancient superpowers, to volcanically induced Nile suppression. Eruptions are associated with revolt onset against elite rule, and the cessation of Ptolemaic state warfare with their great rival, the Seleukid Empire. Eruptions are also followed by socioeconomic stress with increased hereditary land sales, and the issuance of priestly decrees to reinforce elite authority. Ptolemaic vulnerability to volcanic eruptions offers a caution for all monsoon-dependent agricultural regions, presently including 70% of world population.

Open Access Books by Irfan Shahid from Dumbarton Oaks

Open Access Books by Irfan Shahid from Dumbarton Oaks
Irfan Shahîd
Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century, volume 1, part 1, Political and Military History is devoted to the main Arabian tribes that federates of the Byzantine Roman Empire. In the early sixth century Constantinople shifted its Arab alliance from the Salahids to the Kindites and especially the Ghassanids, who came to dominate Arab-Byzantine relations through the reign of Heraclius. Arranged chronologically, this study, the first in-depth account of the Ghassanids since the nineteenth century, draws widely from original sources in Greek, Syriac, and Arabic. Irfan Shahîd traces in detail the vicissitudes of the relationship between the Romans and the Ghassanids, and argues for the latter’s extensive role in the defense of the Byzantine Empire in its east.
Irfan Shahîd
Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century, volume 1 part 2, Ecclesiastical History provides a chronologically ordered account of the involvement of the Ghassanids in ecclesiastical affairs in the eastern region of the Byzantine Empire. Tracing the role of Arab tribes both inside and outside the Roman limes, Irfan Shahîd documents how the Ghassanids in particular came to establish and develop a distinct non-Chalcedonian church hierarchy, all the while remaining allies of the Chalcedonian emperors. Ghassanid phylarchs such as Mundir emerge not merely as loyal foederati but devout Christians. Shahîd extensively and critically analyzes the Greek, Syriac, and Arabic sources, including many obscure or unfamiliar texts to illuminate the religious landscape of the Arabs of the sixth century.
Irfan Shahîd
Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century, volume 2, part 1, Toponymy, Monuments, Historical Geography, and Frontier Studies is a topical study of the military, religious, and civil structures of the Ghassanids. Irfan Shahîd’s detailed study of Arab buildings of the sixth century illuminates how Byzantine provincial art and architecture were adopted and adapted by the federate Arabs for their own use. As monuments of Christian architecture, these federate structures constitute the missing link in the development of Arab architecture in the region between the earlier pagan (Nabataean and Palmyrene) and later Muslim (Umayyad). Drawing from literary and material evidence, Shahîd argues that the Gassanids were not nomadic, as traditionally believed, but thoroughly sedentary both in their roots and in the late Roman frontier zone they inherited. The third of four volumes dedicated to the sixth century, this book extensively depends upon the previous two volumes (volume 1, part 1, Political and Military History; volume 1, part 2, Ecclesiastical History).
Irfan Shahîd
Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century, volume 2, part 2, Economic, Social, and Cultural History is a topical study of Arab economic, social, and cultural history in the sixth century. Irfan Shahîd focuses on the economy of the Ghassanids and presents information on various trade routes and fairs. He reconstructs Ghassanid daily life by discussing topics as varied as music, food, medicine, the role of women, and horse racing. Shahîd concludes the volume with an examination of cultural life, including descriptions of urbanization, Arabic script, chivalry, and poetry. Throughout the volume, the author reveals the history of a fully developed and unique Christian-Arab culture. Shahîd exhaustively describes the society of the Ghassanids, and their contributions to the cultural environment that persisted in Oriens during the sixth century and continued into the Umayyad caliphate.
Irfan Shahîd
Just as the Tanūkhids rose and fell as the principal Arab foederati of Byzantium in the fourth century, so too in the fifth did the Salīḥids. The century, practically terra incognita in the history of Arab-Byzantine relations, is explored by Irfan Shahîd, who recovers from the sources the political, military, ecclesiastical, and cultural history of the Arab foederati in Oriens and the Arabian Peninsula during this period. Unlike their predecessors or successors, the foederati of the fifth century lived in perfect harmony with Byzantium. Federate-imperial relations were smooth: the Arab horse reached as far as Pentapolis in the West and possibly took part in Leo’s expedition against the Vandals. They were staunchly orthodox and participated in two ecumenical councils, Ephesus and Chalcedon, where their voice was audible. But their more enduring contributions were cultural, and may be associated with Dāwūd (David), the Salīḥid king; Petrus, the bishop of the Parembole; and possibly also Elias, patriarch of Jerusalem (494–516), a Roman Arab. The federate culture gave impetus to the rise of the Arabic script, Arabic poetry, and a simple form of an Arabic liturgy—the foundation for cultural achievements in subsequent centuries.
Irfan Shahîd
The fourth century, the century of Constantine, witnessed the foundation and rise of a new relationship between the Roman Empire and the Arabs. The warrior Arab groups in Oriens became foederati, allies of Byzantium, the Christian Roman empire, and so they remained until the Arab conquests. In Byzantium and the Arabs in the Fourth Century, Irfan Shahîd elucidates the birth of the new federate existence and the rise of its institutional forms and examines the various constituents of federate cultural life: the phylarchate, the episcopate, the beginnings of an Arab Church, an Arabic liturgy, and the earliest attested composition of Arabic poetry. He discusses the participation of the Arab foederati in Byzantium’s wars with her neighbors—the Persians and the Goths—during which those Arab allies, most notably the Tanūkhids, contributed to the welfare of the imperium and the ecclesia. The Arab federate horse galloped for Byzantium as far as Ctesiphon, Constantinople, and possibly Najrân in Arabia Felix. In the reign of Valens, the foederati appeared as the defenders of Nicene Orthodoxy: their soldiers fought for it; their stern and uncompromising saint, Moses, championed it; and their heroic and romantic queen, Mavia, negotiated for it.
Irfan Shahîd
The Arabs played an important role in Roman-controlled Oriens in the four centuries or so that elapsed from the Settlement of Pompey in 64 B.C. to the reign of Diocletian, A.D. 284–305. In Rome and the Arabs Irfan Shahîd explores this extensive but poorly known role and traces the phases of the Arab-Roman relationship, especially in the climactic third century, which witnessed the rise of many powerful Roman Arabs such as the Empresses of the Severan Dynasty, Emperor Philip, and the two rulers of Palmyra, Odenathus and Zenobia. Philip the Arab, the author argues, was the first Christian Roman emperor and Abgar the Great (ca. 200 A.D.) was the first Near Eastern ruler to adopt Christianity. In addition to political and military matters, the author also discusses Arab cultural contributions, pointing out the role of the Hellenized and Romanized Arabs in the urbanization of the region and in the progress of Christianity, particularly in Edessa under the Arab Abgarids.

Plato’s Similes: A Compendium of 500 Similes in 35 Dialogues

Plato’s Similes: A Compendium of 500 Similes in 35 Dialogues
By John Ziolkowski


In Plato’s Dialogues there are many vivid comparisons. The soul is compared to a sieve, or a tomb, or a shooting star. The Greeks are like ants or frogs living around a marsh. Socrates calls himself a philosophical mid-wife and a gadfly that pesters Athenians. These similes have become familiar images in our literary and philosophical tradition. They also reveal to us an aspect of Platonic writing that is humorous, imaginative, and subtle. They provide an insight into Plato’s efforts to explain philosophic topics in an appealing manner to his audience. Similes are also an important but by no means obvious source of our impressions of Socrates, who is the speaker of most of the famous comparisons found in Plato.
Although there are studies of similes in Homer and other poets, no such work exists for Plato—or indeed for any ancient prose writer.[1] In order to fill this gap for Plato at least, the following compendium lists and analyzes over five hundred similes taken from the Platonic corpus of thirty-five Dialogues. From this survey emerges an interesting perspective of Plato’s portrait of Socrates: the ways Socrates describes himself and others as well as the opinions of various speakers about Socrates. Because some of the examples presented here may seem to be metaphors according to the traditional definition going back to Aristotle, the Introduction will discuss the definition of simile, the distinction between this figure and metaphor, and a new proposal to clarify the difference. As an aid to non-specialists all passages are cited in English (with significant Greek words added and transliterated in parentheses). Greek texts may be found on the Perseus website (www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper).
[1] See D. J. N. Lee, The Similes of the Iliad and the Odyssey Compared (Melbourne University University Press 1964); Carroll Moulton, Similes in the Homeric Poems, Hypomnemata 49 (Goettingen 1977); and William C. Scott, The Artistry of the Homeric Simile (Dartmouth College press 2009).

Monday, October 16, 2017

Editorial: The Future of the Past

I am repeatedly asked for the source of the image of "books being churned into a machine and somehow transmitted electronically to boys in a classroom setting" (in the words of one anonymous correspondent today).

I note first of all that it is identified in the right-hand sidebar on the main page of AWOL, but the identifying metadata seems to be removed by the automated process of bundling the AWOL digests for email transmission and for syndication to Facebook, Twitter, and elsewhere.

The image in question is this one:


It appears online in a variety of places, but is nicely contextualized here at the Public Domain Review:

A series of futuristic pictures by Jean-Marc Côté and other artists issued in France in 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1910. Originally in the form of paper cards enclosed in cigarette/cigar boxes and, later, as postcards, the images depicted the world as it was imagined to be like in the then distant year of 2000. As is so often the case their predictions fell some way off the mark, failing to go far enough in thinking outside the confines of their current technological milieu (hence the ubiquity of propellors, not to mention the distinctly 19th-century dress).

There are at least 87 cards known that were authored by various French artists, the first series being produced for the 1900 World Exhibition in Paris. Due to financial difficulties the cards by Jean-Marc Côté were never actually distributed and only came to light many years later after the science-fiction author Isaac Asimov chanced upon a set and published them in 1986, with accompanying commentary, in the book Futuredays: A Nineteenth Century Vision of the Year 2000.
Go have a look at them, they're quite charming.

Open Access Journal: Chronika: The Institute for European and Mediterranean Archaeology Graduate Student Journal

[First posted in AWOL 5 May 2014, updated 16 October 2017]

Chronika: The Institute for European and Mediterranean Archaeology Graduate Student Journal
ISSN: 2159-9904
EISSN: 2159-9912
Chronika is an interdisciplinary journal for graduate students studying the art and archaeology of the Mediterranean world. 
Chronika, like its parent organization The Institute for European and Mediterranean Archaeology (IEMA), promotes interdisciplinary dialogues and innovative approaches to the study of the past. Chronika is an open access journal and aims to publish cutting edge research in a timely fashion and make it widely available to the scholarly community. We encourage collaborative, interdisciplinary scholarship by making the content of our journal freely available online.
Chronika is produced by University at Buffalo graduate students, but welcomes submissions from graduate students at other colleges and universities worldwide. Students are encouraged to submit an article here.
 Current Issue:
Chronika, Volume 6, Full Text
Letter from the Editor: 
letter from the editor.pdf letter from the editor.pdf
Size : 430.419 Kb
Type : pdf
Lina Diers, University of Vienna 
"Space and Identity in Roman Moesia: Rethinking Military and Civilian Spheres in a Frontier Province"
Diers 2016.pdf Diers 2016.pdf
Size : 2312.056 Kb
Type : pdf
Sylvain Vanesse, University of Liege 
"Between Street Vendors, Singing Slaves, and Envy"
Vanesse 2016.pdf Vanesse 2016.pdf
Size : 1182.087 Kb
Type : pdf
Andy Lamb, University of Leicester
"The Rise of the Individual in Late Iron Age Southern Britain and Beyond"
Lamb 2016.pdf Lamb 2016.pdf
Size : 1772.539 Kb
Type : pdf
Rachel McCleery, Florida State University
"Being Roman, Writing Latin? Consumers of Latin Inscriptions in Achaia"
McCleery 2016.pdf McCleery 2016.pdf
Size : 1878.585 Kb
Type : pdf

Kaja J. Tally-Schumacher and Nils Paul Niemeier, Cornell University
"Through the Picture Plane: Movement and Transformation in the Garden Room at the Villa ad Gallinas at Prima Porta"
Tally-Schumacher&Niemeier 2016.pdf Tally-Schumacher&Niemeier 2016.pdf
Size : 2737.709 Kb
Type : pdf
Heather Menz, University at Buffalo
"Insights Into the Function of Ireland's Souterrains"
Menz 2016.pdf Menz 2016.pdf
Size : 1769.441 Kb
Type : pdf

Katerina Glaraki, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
"Minoan Peak Sanctuaries of East Crete: A Walking Perspective"
Glaraki 2016.pdf Glaraki 2016.pdf
Size : 3209.504 Kb
Type : pdf
IEMA Travel Grant Reports: 
Erika Ruhl, University at Buffalo
"Textile Analysis in Northern Finland"
Ruhl travel report 2016.pdf Ruhl travel report 2016.pdf
Size : 835.367 Kb
Type : pdf
Kathryn Grow Allen, University at Buffalo
"An Ottoman Cemetery in Romania: Report of Research Conducted with the IEMA Research and Travel Scholarship"
Grow Allen travel report 2016.pdf Grow Allen travel report 2016.pdf
Size : 1280.67 Kb
Type : pdf
Ashlee Hart, University at Buffalo 
"Interview with Dr. Attila Gyucha, 2015-2016 IEMA Postdoctoral Fellow"
Interview with Attila Gyucha 2016.pdf Interview with Attila Gyucha 2016.pdf
Size : 533.975 Kb
Type : pdf
Back Issues:
Chronika, Volume 5
Chronika, Volume 4
Chronika Volume 3
Chronika Volume 2
Chronika Volume 1

(Partially) Open Access Monograph Series: Tyche Sonderband

Tyche Sonderband
Holzhausen der Wissenschafts- und Sachbuchverlag